Citing Your Sources
It’s essential to credit the sources you use in your research, and that’s why there are standardized style guides for in-text citations and lists of references. In this class, you will format your papers and cite your sources in the style of the Modern Language Association (MLA).
See these resources to learn how to use this style.
The MLA Style, created by the Modern Language Association, is common in English and the humanities.
Find the handbook at the library or explore the linked websites to learn how to use this style.
- MLA Handbook, 9th Edition, byCall Number: Ref. 808.027 M7206m9 (On Reserve)ISBN: 9781603295611Publication Date:
An all-in-one resource that makes MLA style easier to learn and use, the MLA Handbook includes expanded, in-depth guidance on creating works-cited-list entries using the MLA template of core elements.
The authority on MLA style and the current edition of the MLA Handbook.
Thorough, user-friendly description of MLA style from the OWL at Purdue.
An easy-to-use online citation guide.
Example MLA Citations
A sample in-text and bibliographic citation of a journal article are presented here.
See the style guide for more complete and specific rules. You may also notice that all citations in this research guide are in MLA style.
According to Pamboukian,
Kipling’s short stories and novels exhibit a paradoxical mixture of magic and reality, which may be due, in part, to Kipling’s own ambivalence about the supernatural and enthusiasm for new gadgetry (429).
Kipling’s short stories and novels exhibit a paradoxical mixture of magic and reality, which may be due, in part, to Kipling’s own ambivalence about the supernatural and enthusiasm for new gadgetry (Pamboukian 429).
Note the following:
Place all quoted text is in quotation marks.
Place the page number of the citation in parentheses after the closing quotation mark.
If you don’t name the author in the text, place the name in parentheses next to the page number.
Place the closing punctuation mark after the citation.
Pamboukian, Sylvia. “Science, Magic and Fraud in the Short Stories of Rudyard Kipling.” English Literature in Transition, –, vol. 47, no. 4, , pp. 429–445. EBSCOhost, https://doi.org/10.2487/
Note the following:
Place the author’s name first, followed by the article title in quotation marks.
Italicize the journal title.
For journal articles, include volume, issue, date, and page numbers.
Following the journal information, include any other container, i.e., where the article is stored—in this case an EBSCOhost database.
Italicize container names.
Finally, include the location where the article can be found.
Use a “stable” or “permanent” web address as the location unless a DOI is available.
Always include a DOI if possible.
Our research guide dedicated to the different citation styles and how to use them.
A guide to annotated bibliographies from Cornell University.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
A teachers’ guide to primary sources from the Library of Congress. Explains using primary sources in the classroom.
From the University of Minnesota Libraries, this calculator will build a schedule for your research project based on its due date.
Find Numbers and Identifiers
Find the digital object identifier (DOI) for a journal article or book.
Search book information and bookstore prices by international standard book number.
Search for journals by title or international standard serial number. Find the ISSN for any journal.
Legal and Government Publications
A guide to citing government documents, created by the libraries of Indiana University Bloomington.
An authoritative guide to citing legal documents.
An introductory guide to legal citation, based on The Bluebook, from Cornell University Law School.