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BIOL/PHYS 4173 Radiation Biology

An introduction to principles & concepts underlying the biological effects of ionizing radiation.

Cite It

Give Credit Where It’s Due

It’s important to cite your sources to ensure you don’t take credit for someone else’s work. Use this page to learn about the style of the Red Journal, which you will use in this class.

AMA Format

This style from the American Medical Association is common in medical disciplines.

Style Guide


Instructions from the Red Journal

The following is excerpted from the Author Instructions of the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics (Red Journal).

Reference style

References must be numbered in the order that they appear in text. References can be in any style as long as they are consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is highly encouraged. The reference style used by the journal (AMA) will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself, they should be arranged according to the following examples:

  1. Davis JT, Allen HD, Powers JD, et al. Population requirements for capitation planning in pediatric cardiac surgery. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med ;150:257–259.

  2. Champlin RER, Feig SA, Ho WG, et al. Bone marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia in remission: Importance of extramedullary involvement [Abstract]. Blood ;60 (Suppl 1):165a.

  3. Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and Leadership Skills for Nurses. 2nd ed. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers; .

  4. Phillips SJ, Whisnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, eds. Hypertension: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management. 2nd ed. New York, NY: RavenPress; :465–478.

Journal abbreviations source

Journal names should be abbreviated according to the List of Title Word Abbreviations.

Citations in text

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication.” Citation of a reference as “in press” implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference links

Increased discoverability of research and high-quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year, and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.1

Citation Websites

Quick Links

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